Multivitamins for eye health

Vitamins and diabetes

Diabetic Retinopathy, also known as Diabetic Eyes, is a complication of diabetes that can cause blindness (Shi et al, 2020). It is caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye (retina). Therefore, in addition to blood sugar management, it is equally important for diabetic patients to start paying attention to their eyes’ health.

Like every other organ, the eyes also require supplementation and dietary modifications for proper upkeep. Fortunately, there are nutritional interventions that support conventional therapies to reduce the risk and severity of diabetic eyes. Here is a list of multivitamins for eye health.

Vitamin A

Of all the multivitamins vitamin A is the most vital one for eye health. It not only prevents but also treats eye diseases such as night blindness.

B Vitamins

Many of the B Vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate, and B12) play a critical role in regulating key cellular metabolic processes. These active metabolic pathways are critical to all cells, and repletion of them helps to keep the metabolic system healthy and going.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that plays a major role in cell repair. Moreover, it also helps collagen which forms a scaffolding for the vessel walls. Vitamin C use has also been proven t beneficial against cataracts and dry eyes.

Vitamin E

It is observed that Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant that aids in the process of healing.

Lutein and zeaxanthin

Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids that are good for the retina. Their anti-oxidant properties help with cell repair. They also have blue light-filtering properties that are beneficial for the eye.


Flavonoids improve blood circulation to the eye and mitochondrial function. They also help to protect the eye from oxidative stress.


Zinc is vital to the cell’s metabolic processes. It also has several benefits, including improved glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, obesity, and hypertension.


With the advancements in the field of science and technology, nutritional interventions can help to reduce or even prevent miscellaneous risks that diabetes cause. Therefore, it is important for diabetic patients to incorporate these multivitamins into their diets, and also maintain their daily blood glucose monitoring efforts to ensure that their diabetes management is on track.

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